Different Types of Drug Tests Used by Employers


Different Types of Drug Tests Used by Employers

Different Types of Drug Tests Used by Employers
Business owners and managers have various options for screening employees and prospective employees for illegal substance use. In Florida, employers can qualify for certain benefits by enrolling in the drug-free workplace testing regulation program. However, they must also meet certain regulations.
For example, state law dictates when employers must test for substance use, including with a conditional offer of employment, with reasonable suspicion of drug use such as erratic behavior, after an employee returns from a rehab program and to determine a person’s fitness for duty. The state also allows random testing.

Urine Drug Test

Urine drug testing is the most common type of screening and detects substance use in the past one to three days. If your workplace requires federally mandated drug tests, urine screening is currently the only government-approved option. In addition, the U.S. Department of Labor considers a positive urine screen evidence of current substance use. This type of drug test can detect recent use of opioids and other narcotics, amphetamines, methadone, methamphetamines, PCP, benzodiazepines, PCP, barbiturates, cocaine, and THC. Some urine screenings also detect nicotine and alcohol.

Oral Drug Test

Saliva (oral fluid) drug screening provides quick, non-invasive, and accurate results. It can also detect substance use immediately after ingestion and up to three days after use. To work properly, the test subject must avoid food and beverages for 10 minutes prior to the saliva sample collection.
Oral fluid drug testing can indicate the presence of a range of substances, including cannabis, amphetamines, PCP, methamphetamine, oxycodone, MDMA, oxymorphone, cocaine, morphine, codeine, and opiates. This type of test also provides security thanks to a low risk for tampering compared with other types of drug screenings.

Hair Drug Test

This type of drug screening is most appropriate for employers who want to establish a long-term pattern of substance use. A hair test provides information about all substances the person has used for the past 90 days. However, it cannot detect drug use within a specific day or even week.
With this test, the testing center collects about 120 strands of hair from the person’s head as close to the scalp as possible. Although this test is sometimes called a hair follicle test, this is a misnomer as the follicles are not actually tested. Results of a hair test are typically available within 24 to 72 hours and can screen for MDMA, methamphetamine and other amphetamines, cocaine, THC, opiates, oxycodone, and oxymorphone.

Nail Drug Test

Like hair testing, nail drug testing provides employers with information about a history of substance use. In fact, while hair testing is limited to three months, nail testing can establish a pattern of up to six months of use. In addition, nail clippings are easy to collect and store.
With this test, the lab technician simply takes a small clipping from each of the test subject’s 10 fingernails. Nail testing can detect a range of substances, including amphetamines, ketamine, THC and other cannabinoids, fentanyl, cocaine, oxycodone, opiates, methadone, benzodiazepines, and barbiturates.

Reliable Drug Testing with ARCPoint Labs of Fort Myers

ARCPoint Labs in Fort Myers strives to help area business owners create a safe, hazard-free work environment. We help you comply with state regulations, including 60-day notification requirements before drug testing employees, allowing five days for workers to contest the results of a test and providing employees struggling with substance abuse to seek treatment without job loss or other repercussions.
Get in touch today to learn more about how we can help you develop a pre-employment drug screening program. We offer these four common types of tests plus five-panel and 10-panel drug tests, testing for prescription drug abuse, testing for synthetic drug abuse, sweat screening with patch tests, and tests that detect passive substance exposure.
Image Credit: Tero Vesalainen/Shutterstock

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