ARCpoint Labs Ensures Verifiable, Reliable & Admissible DNA Evidence
Favorable test results have no value if the process by which they were achieved cannot be verified to have been reliable. In courts and litigation, test results that aren’t verified to be reliable will not be admitted into evidence. If your test result doesn’t come into evidence, it can’t be considered by the judge or jury in determining the question at issue. And if it can’t be considered, your favorable test result is worth nothing—maybe even less than nothing.
Regardless of your business or legal application, ARCpoint Labs’ highly trained and certified personnel will ensure every step of every test is performed and documented to exacting and precise standards, from sample collection to labeling, method of transportation to the lab for analysis, how the sample is handled and by whom, and how every process and step is documented along the way. When you choose ARCpoint Labs, you can be confident that your favorable test result will prove valuable to help you meet your burden of persuasion or proof.
Child Support Cases Rely on Evidence From DNA Testing
DNA testing is a common component of the evidence used in determining child support obligations in court proceedings and through state child support enforcement agencies. Child support cases that rely on DNA evidence to make a determination include:
Cases in which a mother seeks child support from the alleged father
Cases in which a state agency seeks child support from the alleged father of a child on public assistance
Cases in which a man denies fathering a child and desires to exempt himself from a child support obligation (whether or not he is married to the child’s mother)
DNA Testing Establishes Biological Relationships
DNA testing establishes the genetic relationship between children and parents. In most cases, DNA test results resolve the question immediately and decisively. But courts and governmental agencies demand that results be proven reliable according to a stringent process before they can admit test results into evidence in the case of disputed child support.
ARCpoint Labs’ trained and certified technicians follow precise protocols in every step of the DNA testing process, from sample collection to final reporting of the results, documenting every action taken along the way and by whom. These exactin
Noninvasive Prenatal DNA Paternity Testing
In the not-so-distant past there was no risk-free way to test the DNA of an unborn baby against a putative father until after the baby was born. Improvements in DNA testing technology have changed that. Safe, accurate DNA testing is now available to identify the biological father of a fetus (baby) prior to birth, and as early as eight weeks into pregnancy.
ARCpoint Labs can perform a noninvasive test with no risk of miscarriage. Fetal DNA present in the blood of the pregnant mother can be compared to DNA collected from the alleged father or fathers via a cheek (buccal) swab. This form of pre-birth DNA testing has an accuracy level above 99%.
Confirming paternity in a reliable way early in the pregnancy increases the chances that parents can enter into voluntary child support agreements, reducing conflict and expense between parents.
ARCpoint Labs Offers Legally Admissible & Confidential DNA Test
When you need DNA test results you can count on to assist you in determining the truth in a claim for child support, locate your nearest ARCpoint Labs. ARCpoint’s exacting quality control standards ensure results that will be admissible into the court or agency proceedings.
Using DNA Testing to Settle Inheritance and Estate Claims
When a person dies with a will in place, that document typically identifies who will inherit any remaining assets of their estate by name. But if a person dies without a will, state laws determine who will inherit any assets in their estate. These determinations are made on the basis of biological/familial relationships. Depending on the individual state’s laws, in addition to spouses, a person’s blood-related children, siblings, aunts, uncles and cousins may be eligible to inherit.
DNA Testing Settles the Question Decisively
Each person has a unique DNA fingerprint. But in the case of estate matters, as with child custody and paternity cases, DNA technology can accurately identify the existence of a biological family relationship. DNA evidence can be used to prove various family relationships, including paternity, maternity, siblingship or grandparentage. Thus, it is an increasingly important tool to help determine inheritance and estate matters.
Other Contexts Where DNA Testing Can Help
Proving biological family relationships may also be required in claims for:
- Veteran’s benefits
- Social security benefits
- Life insurance beneficiaries or other “upon-death” arrangements
- Assuming estates, property and trusts
- Other issues of inheritance/estates entrusted to family members
Answering Questions With DNA Analysis
Forensic DNA analysis uses the fact that every person’s DNA is unique to answer certain questions, such as the paternity of a child or the identity of a possible suspect from a crime scene. Forensics professionals collect physical evidence and analyze the samples, comparing them with samples from known sources. They use their training and experience to develop a theory of what really happened or, in certain applications, such as medical research, what is happening on an ongoing basis. Then a carefully verified paper trail, often called a “chain of custody,” can be used to help support a proposal or prove the theory in a variety of business and legal applications. Those applications include corporate and medical research and innovation as well as criminal and family court proceedings.
Common Uses of Forensic DNA Evidence
Forensic DNA evidence has been used:
- In criminal cases to exonerate people wrongly accused and convicted of crimes
- In inheritance cases to identify who is property entitled to inherit from the deceased and even how much a person is entitled to receive
- In child custody and child support cases to determine parental rights and responsibilities
- In immigration cases to prove that a person is a relative eligible to enter the United States or another country, for example in circumstances of refugees and people from war-torn regions where papers and documentation of identity have been lost or destroyed
- By journalists, social scientists, inventors and other professionals to dive deeply into a subject and support their positions and conclusions
DNA Testing for Immigration Matters
DNA testing is a critical step in the immigration process. A DNA test may be requested to prove a relationship between petitioner and beneficiary if the U.S. embassy or USCIS deems evidence (like a birth certificate) insufficient or inconclusive. A DNA test can prove paternity, maternity, siblingship and grandparentage, so it can be extremely helpful in immigration proceedings.
ARCpoint Labs sends all collections to an AABB-accredited laboratory for analysis and results, as required by the United States government for all immigration testing.
When genetic testing appears warranted, a consular officer may suggest visa applicants undergo DNA testing to establish the validity of the relationship(s). Please note that such testing is entirely voluntary, and that all costs must be paid by the person initiating the testing. Payment of testing-related expenses must be received in advance. ARCpoint is not responsible for guaranteeing visa issuance upon official receipt of test results.
Available Immigration DNA Testing
If birth certificates or other documentation that would ordinarily be used to substantiate claimed biological relationships is missing, destroyed or unavailable, immigration DNA testing is a reliable alternative to prove relationships.
Certain basic information is required to process and schedule DNA testing for immigration purposes, including:
- All required government paperwork and documents
- Names of all individuals involved in the test
- Current contact information for all individuals involved
- A postal address or email address where results can be sent
- A valid payment method
When you come to ARCpoint Labs, we will follow best practices to ensure your DNA test will be approved and accepted by the United States Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS). Regardless of where your relatives live, we oversee and coordinate every step of the immigration testing portion of the process.
Typical Immigration DNA Tests
- Maternity DNA—This test verifies DNA matches in legitimate mother/child relationships.
- Paternity DNA—This test verifies DNA matches in legitimate father/child relationships.
- Kinship DNA—A kinship test identifies legitimate relationship between two or more individuals who claim a biological relationship, e.g., niece or nephew/aunt or uncle, child/grandparent.
ARCpoint Labs sends all collections to an AABB-accredited laboratory for analysis and results, which is mandated by the United States government and is required for all immigration testing. We recommend consulting with a State Department or embassy representative to verify which relationships meet the immigration criteria for your purposes.
Infidelity DNA Testing
Attorneys and Private Investigators
Using DNA Testing to Help Clients Prove or Disprove Allegations of Infidelity
Many years ago in nearly all states, courts required divorcing spouses to prove legal “fault” of one of the parties before they would grant a petition for divorce. Showing proof of infidelity was one of the bases of legal fault sufficient to grant a divorce.
Today, nearly every state has done away with proving legal fault as a basis for granting a divorce. However, in many states, legal fault, including infidelity, can still be very important in the determination of other matters within the divorce proceeding, such as alimony, division of marital property, and even custody and visitation. Even in states where infidelity has no bearing on these issues in the divorce law itself, infidelity can come into play if the spouses entered into a pre- or post-nuptial agreement that includes infidelity as a factor.
Fortunately, the science of DNA testing makes proving these matters much simpler and easier than it once was, and the chances of inaccurate conclusions are greatly reduced.
Private investigators assisting a client trying to resolve a suspicion of infidelity can use DNA testing of personal objects from intimate areas of the client’s or subject’s home, such as bed linens or pajamas to definitively determine whether a third party has been present in those areas. A positive finding can be very strong direct or circumstantial evidence supporting a claim of infidelity.
Forensic DNA Testing Increases Certainty
Attorneys nearly always require a forensically reliable protocol in the collection, processing and documentation of DNA testing for their clients. Private investigators may consider less formal testing, depending on the client’s motivation for infidelity testing—for example, when the client is not in a legal relationship of any kind with their suspected paramour. But the increased reliability of forensic DNA testing also increases the certainty of the results. Greater confidence in the results of testing, whatever they reveal, can result in greater client confidence in your services.
ARCpoint Labs offers accurate, reliable and confidential forensic DNA testing. We will come on-site to collect samples/objects for testing, or you may bring samples/objects to our lab. ARCpoint Labs’ trained personnel ensure a valid and reliable testing process. Items that can be tested for DNA evidence of infidelity include undergarments, bedding, trash and more.
It is important to note that unless specimens are collected directly from the donor in a documented chain of custody by trained personnel, there is a high risk that the results may not be acceptable into evidence in court. Call ARCpoint Labs for confidential information and recommendations on how best to proceed in your clients’ individual circumstances.
DNA Matching Solves Mysteries and Unlocks Benefits
There are several situations in which the DNA of a deceased person can be helpful, if not imperative to unlocking mysteries, and more practically, unlocking financial benefits. Many situations where one person may be entitled to financial benefits after the death of another person hang on determination of the biological relationship between the two individuals. Properly collected and documented DNA evidence is the most decisive, reliable method available to cut through questionable claims and reward proper ones.
State laws determine how the estates of people who die “intestate,” that is, without a legal will, will be divided. In most states, if a person dies intestate without a legal spouse, the laws of succession dictate that their biological children inherit first; if no children, then siblings inherit next; if no living siblings, then nieces and nephews; then more distant cousins; etc.
The science of DNA testing and analysis have advanced greatly in recent years. It is now possible, within a certain degree of uncertainty, to determine the probability not only that a person is a direct, biological child of a deceased person, but also a sibling, and with lesser certainty, more extended familial relationships such as nieces, nephews and cousins.
Did you know?
- Collecting a DNA sample is a simple process: 1) Swab a separate, clean Q-tip inside each cheek; 2) Allow each Q-tip to air dry; and 3) Seal them in separate, labeled paper bags.
- Few states have addressed the collection of DNA samples from deceased persons, neither expressly prohibiting or authorizing it. This leaves the matter largely up to the estate representatives.
- Attorneys who represent funeral homes are beginning to advise them to counsel family members that at the time of a loved one’s death is the last best chance to secure such direct samples.
- If direct DNA samples of a deceased person are not collected, “touch DNA” may be collected from their personal belongings, but at much greater expense and with reduced certainty of reliability and usable results.
- If direct DNA samples of a deceased person are not collected, familial relationships of unknown persons may still be determined by comparison with DNA samples from known biological relations, but again at greater inconvenience, expense, and lower certainty and reliability of usable results.
Health Questions Answered With DNA Testing
DNA testing of a deceased blood relative can be instrumental in helping solve mysteries related to hereditary health conditions. The simplest and easiest way to make these connections is to make sure to arrange for collection of a sample of DNA from the deceased as part of the process of final interment.
These days, attorneys have begun to discuss leaving DNA samples or instructions for collecting them with their will and estate clients. A will or legal directive can instruct funeral home personnel to collect a sample as part of the process of preparation for final disposition of their remains. This is, practically speaking, the last best chance to get a high-quality, reliable sample.
Funeral home directors increasingly make a point to discuss the benefits of DNA sample collection with family members at the time of final arrangements for a loved one or with those forward-thinking individuals who make their own end-of-life arrangements with the funeral home in advance. It is a simple service with potentially far-reaching beneficial impact on families for generations to come.
But even if that isn’t done, the increasing sensitivity of DNA testing allows more reliable results with smaller and smaller samples. A new subset of the DNA science called “touch DNA” can discern the identity of distinct individuals with fewer than ten skin cells from each person, collected from items they handled casually. These samples are invisible to the naked eye, but are more than sufficient for reliable testing and analysis.